My photographic work is camera-less, meaning that I am creating my images solely in the darkroom without negatives to print from. Light, shadow, and chemicals are my primary tools and subjects. Working with these and other elements, I create my images by directly exposing the photographic paper. In this way, I am not reproducing an image of something, but producing an image from my own imagination and the indexical traces of the materials used. These images are not abstractions of something, but concretize something new. They are devoid of references connecting them to the visual reality we are used to seeing.